Giftun Island is the first natural reserve in the Red Sea and is one of the most important natural habitats for seagulls, as it is inhabited by about 50% of seagulls in the world, in addition to other types of birds and reptiles. The Red Sea islands can be divided into oceanic islands that have features of the islands that form at the bottom of the ocean at great depths due to the accumulation of volcanic eruptions above its level until it reaches the mountains. Strait of mountains located in front of the southern end of the Gulf of Suez.
Giftun Island was separated due to cracking operations:
It is the largest island of the Giftun Group with an area of 18 km2, and it extends in a linear form at a distance of about 11 km from the coast of Hurghada and its coastline is 34 km at a rate of 1.9 per km2 of its total area. The small island of Giftun, with an area of 3 km2, is located to the southeast of the large island of Giftun, and its coast length is 8 km and is getting wider in the south than it is in the north.
The "Giftun" is the first in terms of importance to the tourism sector, as it is the only island allowed to land on it, and is characterized by its location near the city of Hurghada, its fine sand and surrounding diving sites. The "Giftun" includes 14 of the most beautiful diving sites in Hurghada in addition to the multiplicity of its natural resources starting from the fine sand and beautiful beaches .. Given its great tourism importance, the Giftun Island is one of the pillars of the Red Sea economy and the national economy because of its high economic values that in turn generate cash flows big. Official statistics indicate that the major "Giftun" is of economic and tourist importance as tourists are increasingly interested in the whole world in increasing places that are less developed and more virgin, as they prefer to enjoy them and their resources and natural scenes in their initial state. Consequently, the declared area as natural reserves increased to more than 40,000 km2 in the Red Sea Governorate, along with the declaration of 22 protected islands out of a total of 40 islands. The law also set a number of prohibitions that should not be practiced within the scope of these islands. Doing things that will eliminate it.
A large number of workers in the tourism sector depend on the island of "Giftun" as a basic source of livelihood, as it visits about 40-60 floating island daily and receives 188 thousand visitors annually, representing 32% of the practitioners of marine activities in Hurghada. Giftun attracts about 12% of all visitors to the Red Sea. Giftun and its sisters from the Red Sea islands also generate high revenues ... just as many countries that have natural reserves similar to Egypt's have achieved through the entrance fees revenue, so we find that Australia has achieved revenues of 2.5 billion Australian dollars and Canada has achieved 6.5 billion dollars in addition to 125 thousand opportunities Italy and one billion euros, besides providing 80 thousand job opportunities